APA Format - A Complete Guide With Examples
APA style paper is the most common style of formatting, other than MLA of course. Different citation styles have different formats and rules that the student must follow when formatting the paper in that particular style. However, APA still remains the most popular citation style
Mostly, teachers refer to this style guide due to its simplicity and because it is easy to follow. It makes the entire work easy to follow and manageable. And this is the reason why teachers stress so much on correct formatting and paper formation.
Continue reading the blog to know about the mechanics of APA format and how to structure your paper according to it.
What is APA Format?
What is APA format meaning? It is the abbreviated form of the American Psychological Association, a common formatting style for many student papers and essays. When you write an essay or paper, your main aim is to engage the readers and present the facts and relevant information in your essay.
The general format and publication manual of the American Psychological Association is one of the best guides to help you through your journey for learning the APA Format. This article is a brief of that manual. Below, we have discussed and explained the core essentials of the respective style and how to structure your paper accordingly.
How to Format an APA Style Paper?
Essays and other assignments are always exciting to attempt. For some students, the formatting style remains the devil as it is difficult to master the formatting style and remember everything. Just like MLA style format is used by humanities and social sciences, APA is used by somewhat technical types of subjects.
Below is the distinct category of essays that may require APA formatting are listed below:
All of these subjects involve both theory and calculable material.
APA formatting is entirely different from other formatting styles. From layout to the entire paper structure, the APA format is different and when writing in this format, you need to take care of a lot of things.
As a student, you may encounter different kinds of papers and essays like research papers, and thesis, and dissertation, also known as experiment reports. No matter what kind of work it is, you will need to add the following details into your paper.
- Figures or Tables (if required)
These ingredients are a fundamental part of APA papers and essays.
APA Format Title Page
As the first part of the paper, the title page should be perfect and as per the chosen formatting style, in this case, the APA style. It is believed that the first impression is the last impression and if there is some mistake in the structure of the APA format title page then the reader will not have a good first impression.
Since your audience is your teacher, he will not be happy to see such mistakes. To format your title page, read the following instructions.
- With 1 margin on each side, your paper must be double spaced.
- Font size should be 12 and Times New Roman font is recommended.
Type the title in the title case, each word should begin with a capital letter, centered and in the upper side of the page. As per the APA suggestion, the title shouldn’t exceed 12 words.
Make sure that the text of your paper has double spacing so it is easier for the reader to go through the content without getting confused.
APA Format 7th Edition
The 7th edition of the APA format has introduced some prominent changes from the 6th edition. The title page must include:
- Full name of the author (s)
- Name of the educational institute
- Course name and code
- Name of the course instructor
- Due date of the paper
- A header with the page number
For more details, refer to the sample below:
APA 7th Edition: APA Style Title Page Guide
APA Format Header
A header is a must on the top of the page. The running head serves as a shorter version of the title and this is why it must not exceed two to three words. To format it, add the page number and title of the paper in it and flush right.
APA Format Headings
Different format styles have different headings structure. For APA, you will follow the below heading structure:
|1st Level: Centered, Bold and Title Case|
|2nd Level: Bold, Title Case, Flush Left|
|3rd Level: Bold, Italic, Title Case, Flush Left|
|4th Level: Bold, Title Case, Indented, Ending with a Period.|
|5th Level: Bold, Italic, Title Case, Indented, Ending with a Period.|
All of the papers and essays, written in APA style have the following main headings:
- Title Page
- Main Body
The levels of the headings mentioned above are structured within the main headings. These headings give your paper a proper structure and form, which makes it easy for the reader to read and understand the content of your work.
APA Format Citation
A citation is a reference to the used source material in the paper. The In-text is the reference that is added within the content and it is followed by a full citation in the references list. Different referencing and paper styles have different citation formats and styles.
Similarly, APA also has a different and its own citation format that is to be followed in the paper. The author-date method of in-text citations is the primary technique used while making your APA paper’s in-text citations.
In-text citations and references go hand in hand. Mention the complete references of the cited sources in the references section.
Two things must appear in the text:
- Author’s last name
- Year of publication
Example: (Andy, 2017)
APA Format Quotes
Adding relevant and credible quotes and paraphrased content strengthens the quality of your paper. However, you should use them to support and prove your research points and not the other way around.
When quoting directly from a source, include the year of publication, author name, and the page number.
Example: As per Adams (2017), “Students face difficulty when they cite in APA format in their essays and research papers” (p. 200).
What if a source has multiple authors? Name both of them in parenthesis or a single phrase and use ‘and’ between names.
Example: (George and Andrew, 2017)
What if there are multiple writers? Shall I name all the writers in the parenthesis? No, you do not need to mention all the writers. Instead of mentioning all the names, just mention the first name and add ‘et al’.
(Andy et a.l., 2017)
Since referencing and adding citations is somewhat difficult, many students try to escape it. But, to prevent plagiarism and to credit the original sources and writers, it is important that you add them. Here, you can learn to format your paper properly.
How to cite a source where the author(s) name is not mentioned? In such cases, cite your sources by the title.
- Italicize the title of books.
- Articles, chapters, and web pages are placed in quotation marks.
When the author is a government agency, cite as:
As per the American Association (2001)……
APA Format Website
Citing websites is opposite to citing other sources. Mention the site’s address in the paper. The information about the author should be found on the web page. Search at the top or at the very bottom of the page.
Place the last name, follow it by a comma and the date of publication.
Example: (Henriquez, 2018.)
APA Date Format
Mention as much of the dates as you can.
Correct APA date format is mandatory to be followed where available. Starting with the year, month, and day
Example: (2018, October 8)
APA Format References
A reference list highlights the sources used for collecting information. It credits the authors whose works you have used and quoted to support your main topic. To make the correct APA format references, follow the below guidelines.
- Mention the heading ‘References’ on the top.
- Keep double space between the references.
- Remove the underlines from web addresses.
- Always arrange the list alphabetically.
- U.S. publishers offer cities and abbreviations for the state like New York, NY.
- Use a dash for page ranges. (20-38).
APA Citation Generator
Citation tools have become very popular these days. Is it good to use them? Using a citation or reference generator is a quick way of generating references but this does not mean that you should use them blindly.
Some of the common mistakes that these generators could make are:
- Not including all the details in the reference list.
- Not mentioning the date.
- Making a flawed structure of the format.
Nonetheless, these generators can ease the burden and get the work done in a matter of seconds. Just keep a check on the points mentioned above.
APA Format Journals
The referencing format is different for websites, books, articles, and journals. Each format follows a distinct set of rules.
APA references list for a journal articles should include:
- Author(s). First initials follow the surname.
- Year of publication
- Title of the article.
- Journal title (italics).
- Journal’s volume (italics)
- Issue number of the journal.
- Page number
- First lines are left adjusted and subsequent lines are indented 5-7 spaces forming a hanging indent.
Example: Ruxton, C. (2016). Tea: Hydration and other health benefits. Primary Health Care, 26(8), 34-42. https://doi.org/10.7748/phc.2016.e1162
APA Format Book
Citing information from books is a common practice in essays and research papers. However, the format is different for it. When citing a book, consider the following things.
- Author(s). First initials follow the surname.
- Publishing year of the book.
- Book title (Italics).
- Place of publication.
- Edition in round brackets (other than 1st edition).
Example: Arnold, G. D. (2018). The disability support worker social sciences (2nd edition.). South Melbourne, VIC: College Learning.
APA Format Tables and Figures
Does your task include making tables and figures? APA format reference page also supports citations for tables.
A strict checklist needs to be implemented while citing them. Keep the following checklist with you when doing it.
- All figures and tables should be referenced in the main body in the text.
- Put numbers, figures, and tables in the same order as they appear in the text.
- Each figure or table must be accompanied by a description of the contents.
- If you are producing a figure or table from another source, cite it with a caption and add it to the reference list.
- Don’t violate the privacy of others if the publisher has refrained from copying. Take permission.
APA Footnotes and Endnotes
Have you made endnotes and footnotes? They play a key role in every document. Unlike Chicago, APA format does not include any endnotes or footnotes but they are useful for understanding difficult terms and definitions.
Mention the footnotes at the end of the page in the word document. A number is placed in front of the text to refer to the footnote below.
APA Appendix Format
The appendix contains information, which may sound too lengthy to be mentioned in the text. Written at the end of the paper, it includes:
- Detailed descriptions
- Lengthy lists
- A category of articles to support data
- Demographic information for subpopulations studied in the paper
Are you planning on writing multiple appendices? Some papers and works need multiple appendices. However, each appendix must focus on a single topic only. Label them with A, B, and so on.
A title is a must for each appendix. Start the 1st paragraph of text from the left margin and then indent the 1st line of successive paragraphs by ½ inch. Times New Roman (12 pt.) must be the font size and format, typed in double spaces.
Nevertheless, excluding the appendix section from the paper will never affect your paper.
APA Format Abstract
An abstract is necessary for an APA paper. Without an abstract, APA style paper is incomplete. A good and effective abstract is brief, accurate, coherent, and informs the readers about the main essay or paper topic and idea. It is to give the readers an idea of what to expect in the coming paper sections.
The abstract is usually a 150-200 words section, which will do the trick for you. The abstract is written on a separate page and it is added after the cover page and before the introduction.
APA Annotated Bibliography Format
In literal terms, annotated bibliographies offer a critical analysis of a source. It is a challenging task to write a well detailed and effective annotated bibliography.
How to write an annotated bibliography in APA format? Divide it into the following sections and explain each part accordingly.
1. Summarize the main idea of the source in 3-4 sentences.
- Main arguments
- Point of the article/ book
2. 2 sentences to evaluate and assess the source.
- Comparison with other sources of bibliography
- Reliability of the source
- The credibility of the author
- Discrimination or objectivity in the text
3. 2 sentences for personal reflection on the source.
- Was the source helpful?
- Has it changed your thinking?
- The information added about the topic
Writing an annotated bibliography needs practice and skill since, mostly, teachers ask for it before the research paper. Learning about how to write an annotated bibliography will help you present the research sources in a better manner.
A Brief Formatting Checklist
Before submitting the paper, check it with the following checklist.
- Title Page
- Full Reference
- In-text Citations
- Tables and figures
We know that formatting can be tricky and if you still feel confused then do not worry, we have got you covered. Below is a sample to help you further.
Sample APA Format Paper
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