A Complete AAA Citation Guide with Examples
Looking to have a simple to follow AAA style guide? This blog covers all the needed and necessary information about AAA style and will help you format and style your papers, citations, and references accordingly. Like other citation styles, the AAA style has different guidelines and reference format.
When working with a particular style, the student has to make sure that he follows all the guidelines and given format.
The AAA style is no different and has some formatting elements that are different from the other citations. Below, we have mentioned and explained all the main elements of the AAA style citation.
What is AAA Citation Style?
The AAA style is the abbreviated form of the American Anthropological Association. It is closely related and similar to the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) and is also a variation of the Chicago style referencing. The AAA style is usually used in the field of anthropology as it provides guidance to the writers, researchers, and scholars of anthropology.
The format structure includes separate referencing guidelines for books, journals, articles, and other sources.
Here are some of the key AAA citation guidelines:
- The book titles are not underlined
- The date of publication is added after the name of the author
- The last name of the author is added, followed by the first name
- Multiple references from the same author are arranged with adding the first published work
- The title of the page, book, or journal is not italicized
- The list of references is titled as ‘References Cited’
- The References Cited page is double spaced when added into the work of a student but is single-spaced when added in an anthropological publication
Some of the elements are similar to other referencing styles while some are quite different and distinct.
How to Create AAA In-Text Citation?
In-text citations are different from the references and the reference list that are added at the end of the paper. They are added within the paper content and make it easier for the readers to know about the primary source of the direct and paraphrased content. Different citation formats use different in-text citation style formats. In the case of the AAA style citation, the last name of the author followed by the year of publication.
To put the in-text citation, you can add the direct quote into the content and add the last name and the year of publication in the parenthesis. If not adding the details in the parenthesis, mention the name of the author and add the date of publication in the parenthesis.
Some other things to consider when making the in-text citation are as follows:
- Add the quotation marks in the beginning and end of the direct quote or the author’s words
- Add the in-text citation after adding the quote
- Use and add the original writer’s full name in the content or add the last name in the parenthesis where possible or relevant
- When adding the last name of the author, year of publication, and page number, use a colon to separate the name and year of the publication
- If you are adding the reprinted material then add the date of the publication that you have read or quoted
- If a quote is more than four lines longer then add it like a blockquote. The bibliographic information or its in-text citation will be added in brackets rather than a parenthesis
AAA Referencing Format for Different Sources?
The list of references is added at the end of the paper. The list is titled as the ‘References Cited’ and contains all the works that have been added or used in the paper or the publication work. The title is different from what we add in the APA and MLA references and the format of the references is also different from them.
To know how to format different paper sections and work sources, read the below sections of the blog.
For the AAA Style Title Page: The title page is the very first section of the paper. It contains all the information like the student’s name, the instructor’s name, the paper’s title and course number, and the deadline of the paper. When making the title page for your AAA paper, make sure that you add all of these details on the cover page.
For the references for different kinds of sources, we have added some examples to help you understand how to make the references
For Books with Single Author:
- 2011 The Metamorphoses of Kinship. London: Verso.
For Books with Two Authors:
Barnard, Alan, and Anthony Good
- 1984 Research Practices in the Study of Kinship. London: Academic Press.
For Books with Multiple Authors:
Bonacich, Edna, with Mark Smith and Kathy Hunt
- 1999 The Economic Basis of Ethnic Solidarity: Small Business in the Japanese American Community.
- Berkeley: University of California Press.
For Books with Editors as Authors:
Lewin, Ellen, ed.
- 2006 Feminist Anthropology: A Reader. Malden: Blackwell.
For the Chapters of the Books:
Rohlen, Thomas P.
- 1993 “Education: Policies and Prospects.” In Koreans in Japan: Ethnic Conflicts and Accommodation.
- Cameron Lee and George De Vos, eds. Pp. 182–222. Berkeley: University of California Press.
For the Revised Editions:
Bernard, H. Russell
- 2011 Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 5th edition. Lanham:
For Electronic Books from the Library Database:
- 2013 Anthropology in The Public Arena: Historical and Contemporary Contexts. Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons. Ebrary ebook collection.
- http://site.ebrary.com/lib/stmarysca/docDetail.action?docID=10650992 accessed October 11, 2013
For Web Electronic Books:
- 1920 Man: Past and Present. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Project Gutenberg. http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/35685 accessed October 11, 2013.
For the Journal Articles:
- 1988 “Toward a Complex Model of Parenthood: Two African Tales.” American Ethnologist 15(4):658-677.
For the Journal Articles available on an Electronic Database:
O’Neill, Kevin Lewis
- 2013 “Left Behind: Security, Salvation, and the Subject of Prevention.” Cultural Anthropology 28(2):204-22.
- DOI: 10.1111/cuan.12001 accessed October 11, 2013
When no DOI is present:
Hakansson, N. Thomas
- 1994 “The Detachability of Women: Gender and Kinship in Processes of Socioeconomic Change among the Gussii of Kenya.” American Ethnologist 21(3):516-38.
- http://www.jstor.org/stable/645919 accessed October 11, 2013
For Print Magazines and Newspaper Articles:
- 2012 Secrets of the White Shaman. Discover May:50-56
For Online Magazines or Newspaper Articles:
- 2012 Using Modern Tools to Reconstruct Ancient Life. New York Times. January 10:D2L http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA276685697&v=2.1&u=mora54187&it=r&p=AONE&s w=w accessed August 2, 2013.
In Case of No Author:
New York Times
- 2011 Japan: Dig Begins at Wartime Army Site Suspected in Prisoner Experiments.February
- 22:A6.http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA249650007&v=2.1&u=mora54187&it=r&p=A ONE&sw=w accessed August 2, 2013.
For Online Masters Thesis and Ph.D. Dissertation:
Couture, Nicole Claire
- 2002 The Construction of Power: Monumental Space and Elite Residence at Tiwanaku.Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago. accessed August 2013.
- http://search.proquest.com/pqdtft/docview/305518242/fulltextPDF/13FA6873D2C6533157E/4?accounti d=25334. accessed October 11, 2013.
For Conference Papers:
Shimahara, Nobuo K.
- 1998 “Mobility and Education of Buraku: The Case of a Japanese Minority.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Chicago, November 18.
For Films and Documentaries:
Banda, Dan, prod.
2005 After the immigrant: A Documentary Series about Ethnicity and its Many Meanings. Bandana Productions. DVD.
For Websites and Web Documents:
Society for Historical Archaeology
- 2011 “What is Historical Archaeology?” http://www.sha.org/ accessed October 11, 2013.
To know more about how to cite and make references to other sections and types of sources, check the sample given below.
AAA Style Guide
Should I use AAA Citation Machine?
If you are new to AAA style citation and want to learn about it then yes you can use it. However, using it only will not be a good idea. Instead, ask your professor to help you with it or consult a professional essay writing service.
How to Arrange the AAA Style Bibliography?
The list of references is added at the end of the paper. The list contains all the works that are used in the paper and consulted for the research purpose. The AAA style references are titled ‘References Cited’ instead of References or Works Cited, as did in the APA and MLA style paper.
The References Cited page is arranged in alphabetical order and must contain all the works that have been cited in the paper. The reference entries must contain all the details like the full name of the author, the year of publication, the name of the work, and other details. In the case of published books, the name of the publisher and page numbers are also added.
When citing or adding multiple works from the same author, arrange it from oldest to the newest. However. If the year of publication is the same then add (a) and (b) after the year of publication and in a separate parenthesis.
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