Four Major Types of Informative Speeches
An informative speech is a type of speech that focuses on providing detailed information about a particular topic. It intends to educate the audience about a specific topic. The format of an informative speech is similar to any other type of speech.
In general, there are four major types of informative speeches. There are many ways to inform the audience, but usually, informative speech falls into 4 categories. In this particular guide, you’ll learn about these major types of informative speech.
Types of Informative Speeches
An informative speech makes a complex subject easy to understand. The specific purpose of an informative speech is to educate the audience about a particular subject. This type of speech uses definition, vivid description, demonstration, and description to explain a person, place, or subject.
There are many ways to educate the audience about a particular informative speech topic or subject. Therefore, there are four major types of informative speech:
- Definition Speech
- Explanatory Speech
- Descriptive Speech
- Demonstrative Speech
Continue reading to learn more about these types of speeches.
A definition speech is a type of informative speech that defines the nature of something. It explains the actual meaning of a particular thing or subject matter. It defines the theory, philosophy, or meaning of a specific subject that the audience likely does not know much about.
The definition speech topic might be general i.e. a game, or highly specific i.e. a particular place. The central idea of a definition speech is to define something so that it becomes easy to understand.
Here is how you can write a definition speech:
- Start with a dictionary definition.
- Explain the term or subject with the help of a synonym or a common word that has a similar meaning.
- Provide some examples that make the definition clear for the audience.
- Compare different dictionary definitions and explain how these definitions are similar and related to each other.
In an explanatory speech, the speaker describes the state of a specific topic. The primary purpose of an explanatory speech is to inform the audience of a particular angle of the topic.
This type of public speaking provides a visual representation of data or statistics contained in the speech. It is a way to condense a highly complicated topic into an easily understandable package for the audience.
Follow these steps for writing an explanatory speech:
- Start by explaining the topic. You can take help from a dictionary definition and provide an exact meaning of the explanatory speech topic.
- Provide meaningful and specific information that explains the topic on a deeper level.
- Explain the topic with the help of examples and facts to make the audience understand the process.
A descriptive speech is like a descriptive essay that creates a vivid picture regarding the subject in the audience’s mind. The subject could be a person, place, object, event, or anything.
An artist who just won an award for his masterpiece describing how much he worked hard to get this award. Or a chef who just discovered a new recipe explaining how this recipe works. These are examples of descriptive speech.
The following tips will help you write a good descriptive speech:
- Provide a vivid description of your topic.
- Describe all the characters in a logical order.
- Decide what impression you want to make with your speech.
A demonstrative speech is a type of informative speech that describes how to do something. Demonstrative speech is intended to make the audience understand the process of doing something. For example, you are explaining how to create a bibliography.
Demonstrative speech usually takes help from visual examples that show the audience how to move from one step to another. Visual examples increase the likelihood that the audience will retain the information of the speech.
Below are some tips to help you write a good demonstrative speech:
- You need to know the process well before you explain it to your audience.
- Suppose that your audience knows nothing about the process, so you need to explain everything in detail.
- Make sure that the steps are in proper order.
- Show steps visually; it will help your audience remember the steps easily.
- In the end, warn your audience of any common mistakes or any possible difficulties if they don’t follow the procedure.
Types of Informative Speeches Examples
Check out the informative speech examples given below and get a clear idea of informative speeches.
Informative Speech Outline Example
This informative speech outline example helps you craft a good outline for your speech.
Informative Speech Example
Sample Informative Speech
Short Informative Speech Example
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