Understand the Basic Types of Case Study Here
A case study is an effective research method that specifically studies a single case over a period of time. Writing a case study is a very useful form of study in the educational process.
If students have real-life examples, it can help them learn more and synthesize information in a more effective manner. Such writing projects are one of the best ways of learning in a classroom.
A case study also has different types and forms. As a rule of thumb, all of them require a detailed and convincing answer based on a thorough analysis.
So, in this article, we are going to discuss the different types of case study research methods in detail.
What are the Types of Case Study?
There are 4 types of case studies used for different purposes. The main purpose of case studies is to analyze problems within the boundaries of a specific organization, environment, or situation.
According to design, case studies can be divided into the following categories:
- Illustrative Case Study
- Exploratory Case Study
- Cumulative Case Study
- Critical Instance Case Study
Refer to the following section for a detailed description of each type of case study.
Illustrative Case Study
An illustrative case study is used to examine a familiar case in order to help others to understand it. It is one of the main types of case studies in research methodology and is primarily descriptive.
In this type of case study, usually, one or two instances are utilized to explain what a situation is like.
Exploratory Case Study
An exploratory case study is a primary project conducted before a large-scale investigation. These types of case studies are very popular in the social sciences like political science and primarily focus on real-life contexts and situations.
Typically, these are used to identify research questions and methods for a large and complex study. The main purpose of an exploratory case study is to help identify situations for the further research process.
Cumulative Case Study
A cumulative case study is one of the main types of case studies in qualitative research. It is used to collect information from different sources at different times.
The aim of this case study is to summarize the past studies without spending additional cost and time on new investigations. So, it is a form of data analysis.
Critical Instance Case Study
Critical instances case studies are used to determine the cause and consequence of an event.
The main reason for this type of case study is to investigate one or more sources with unique interest and sometimes with no interest in general. A critical case study can also be used to question a universal assertion.
Now you know the different types of case study methods. Make sure you follow the right case study format for great results.
Remember each type is defined in general terms but keep in mind that many aspects of a case study such as data collection and analysis, qualitative research questions, etc. are dependent on the researcher and what the study is looking to address.
Types of Subjects of Case Study
In general, there are four types of case studies and 5 types of subjects they address. Every case study whether exploratory, critical, or cumulative, fits into the following subject categories.
This type of study focuses on one subject or individual and can use several research methods to determine the outcome.
This type of study takes into account a group of individuals. This could be a group of friends, coworkers, or family.
The main focus of this type of study is the place. It also takes into account how and why people use the place.
This study focuses on an organization or company. This could also include the company employees or people who work in an event at the organization.
This type of study focuses on a specific event. It could be societal or cultural and examines how it affects the surroundings.
Review some case study examples online before starting working on a specific type of case study. These examples will help you understand how a specific case study is conducted.
Case studies are being used more and more in colleges and universities to help students understand how a hypothetical event can influence a person, group, or organization in real life.
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