Home Blog Cause and Effect Essay - A Detailed Writing Guide

Cause and Effect Essay - A Detailed Writing Guide

Cause and Effect Essay - A Detailed Writing Guide

When you get enrolled in a middle school, high school, or college, the teachers usually assign different essays for you to write. The type of essay that includes multiple paragraphs to examine causes and effects is known as a cause and effect essay.

It is different from other kinds of essays as students have to explain a cause and its effects in detail. Moreover, understanding the basic structure, approach, and purpose are also necessary to write a perfect essay.

If you are also one of those students who find it difficult to write a good cause and effect essay. Then this is the right place for you. The following blog will help you master the art of writing amazing essays in no time.

What is a Cause and Effect Essay?

A cause and effect essay is based on defining a cause and its effects. These causes could either be negative or positive. Similarly, they are also known as result essays. However, there are certain things that all school students need to keep in mind for understanding cause and effect essay writing.

For example, whenever you face a stressful situation, it will make you sad. Similarly, joyous occasions will make you happy. This example might be simple. But, it will help you understand the connection that is between a situation and a person.

Thus, It is a twofold relationship as both the cause and the effect are dependent on each other. Moreover, causes may have widespread effects that could affect everyone, including humans.

As per the cause and effect essay definition,

“It is an essay that examines a reason (cause) and its consequences (effect). However, the reason could be an event, action, or decision made”.

Such essays are more common in high school and college students as they explore several causes and their effects.

The following ways will help you arrange the cause and its effects in your essays.

  • Sequential Order.
  • Reverse Sequential Order.

Thus, it is not necessary to always work in a sequence when discussing causes and effects. Instead, you can start from the main effect as well.

Also, consider the below questions to evaluate the effectiveness of a cause and effect essay.

  • What are the causes and effects?
  • What elements should be emphasized?
  • Are there single or multiple effects and causes?
  • How to list causes and effects in an essay?

(back to top)

Cause and Effect Essay Format

A cause and effect essay format usually follows the below pattern.


  • A hook statement.
  • Basic historical information.
  • A strong thesis statement indicating the causes, effects, or both.

Main Body

This section consists of 3-5 body paragraphs depending on the topic and scope of the essay.

Body Paragraph I

  • Topic sentence (indicates causes and effects).
  • Cause 1/effect with examples.

Body Paragraph II

  • Topic sentence (indicates causes and effects).
  • Cause 2/effect 2 with examples.

Antithesis Paragraph

  • Discuss the opposing side of the argument.


  • Restate the thesis statement.
  • Remind the reader of the main points.
  • Concluding sentence.

Font Type: Times New Roman, Arial.

Font Size: 12 pt for the essay’s text.

Line Spacing: 1.5 or Double Line Spacing.

Alignment: Justified.

How to Start a Cause and Effect Essay?

To start a cause and effect essay, follow the easy steps below. It will help you save time and write a properly sequenced essay.

  1. Brainstorming ideas
  2. Conduct research work to find relevant content
  3. Find credible and authentic sources
  4. Set the tone of your result essay
  5. Writing a strong introduction
  6. Begin with an engaging hook statement
  7. Making a brief and factual thesis statement

Refer to the example given below to understand how to start a cause and effect paper.

How to Start a Cause and Effect Essay - Examples (PDF)

(back to top)

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay?

writing a cause and effect essay

The steps to writing a cause and effect essay are given below in detail.

Choose the Essay Topic

If the teacher has not assigned you a specific essay topic, it is your chance to choose it yourself. This step takes a lot of effort. Therefore, the best way is to make a list of topics.

Choose the one you already know something about or the one you are interested in. it will make it easy and fun to write and likely more interesting to read.

Brainstorm to Choose Cause and Effect

After selecting the topic, brainstorm to choose the angle you are going to write from. It can be either the cause or the effect angle.

Thus, for any topic, make two lists i.e, one for the cause and one for effect. Furthermore, write down all the possible causes and effects. Choose the list that seems more complete, familiar, and easy to you. That is the angle you will choose.

Conduct Thorough Research Work

Conduct thorough research work for your cause and effect essay. Make sure to choose credible sources and not personal blogs or unverifiable sources.

Moreover, this step will also discover common trends and questions about your topic. With this, you will also be able to find valid supporting arguments for writing a perfect thesis.

Craft a Strong Thesis

Craft a strong thesis statement that should answer the essay’s question. It shows why you care about the topic, along with its significance. Similarly, it will also let readers know what they can expect to learn from reading your essay.

Develop a Cause and Effect Essay Outline

A cause and effect essay typically follows a standard outline. It is used to organize and discuss ideas in one place. The sections of the cause and effect essay outline are discussed below in detail.

Cause and Effect Essay Introduction

The introduction of the cause and effect essay gives detailed background information, a strong thesis, and its purpose. It also provides the relevancy of the topic to the modern period.

Similarly, this section must begin with a hook statement to grab the audience’s interest.

These elements will help in getting a clear picture of the topic under discussion. Moreover, it will also connect the reader with the main essay question.

Cause and Effect Essay Body Paragraphs

The main body provides supporting evidence about the causes that lead to the effects. Furthermore, each body paragraph must include a description of the causes and the effects.

This cause and effect relationship help the readers to understand the impacts on the event. Also, a writer can suggest possible recommendations to deal with the situation.

Cause and Effect Essay Antithesis Paragraph

The antithesis paragraph of the cause and effect essay discusses the other side of the argument. It presents the major reasons for choosing a subject and the occurrence of cause and effect variables.

Cause and Effect Essay Conclusion

The conclusion gives a brief summary of the entire essay. It requires the writer to restate the thesis statement and the major causes and effects of an event.

Similarly, if your chosen topic has influenced the world, state a call to action to overcome the issue. Write a compelling concluding sentence that informs the reader about the outcomes of your research work.

Also, check out the available conclusion examples to get an idea about the vocabulary and structure used by other writers.

Here is a complete outline format of a cause and effect essay.

Cause and Effect Essay Outline Format

Create Your Essay Draft

Write your essay’s draft by following the above outline. Make sure to keep it simple by using easy and appropriate language. Moreover, it is better to stick to the essay’s structure and format. Also, use smooth transitions to connect ideas from one paragraph to another.

However, give enough time to edit between your first and second drafts. Take at least a day or two to write and revise your final draft. It will help you identify mistakes that may go unnoticed previously.

Typically, every cause and effect essay includes the following common errors.

  • Grammatical mistakes
  • Incorrect punctuation
  • Spelling mistakes
  • Illogical arguments
  • Unclear thesis statement
  • Irrelevant examples and evidence
  • Incorrect format

Thus, to avoid them, make sure to proofread your essay twice. You can also hire a professional proofreader or can ask your friends or colleagues to proofread it. This step is vital to make a strong impact on readers.

Check out the below-given cause and effect essay example to understand better.

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay - Examples(PDF)

Cause and Effect Essay Structure (PDF)

(back to top)

Tips for Writing Cause and Effect Essays

Below are some useful tips for writing a perfect cause and effect essay.

  • Before starting an essay, choose the topic and make a list of 3 or more causes and their effects.
  • Add quotes, facts, examples, and personal experiences to make your essay convincing.
  • The main focus should be on the immediate causes and effects.
  • Phases of causation are important in maintaining the links between the elements.
  • Always keep in mind the purpose of your writing. It can be either to persuade or inform.
  • Use transitional words to understand the relationship between the two subjects. It will also increase the readability of your essay.

(back to top)

Cause and Effect Essay Examples

Here are some good cause and effect essay examples for you. It will help you understand the basics and structure by keeping the essay pattern in mind.

Cause and Effect Essay Examples (PDF)

Cause and Effect Essay Sample (PDF)

Cause and Effect Essay on Smoking (PDF)

Cause and Effect Essay for 6th Grade (PDF)

Cause and Effect Essay Examples Elementary (PDF)

Cause and Effect Essay Examples For High School (PDF)

Cause and Effect Essay Examples For Middle School (PDF)

Cause and Effect Essay Examples College (PDF)

Cause and Effect Examples on Poverty (PDF)

Cause and Effect Essay on Covid-19 (PDF)

Simple Cause and Effect Essay Examples (PDF)

Bullying Cause and Effect Essay (PDF)

Personal Cause and Effect Essay Examples (PDF)

5 Paragraph Cause and Effect Essay Examples (PDF)

(back to top)

Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Below are some good cause and effect topics to write a perfect essay.

  • The relationship between alcohol consumption and bad health
  • Causes of divorce and its effects on children
  • The relationship between music and brain health
  • The negative effects of cloning in the United States
  • Effects of emotional support animal on mental well-being
  • The effects of social networks on modern kids
  • The pros and cons of the nuclear family system
  • The pros and cons of visual aids in classrooms
  • Video game and social media is a common reason for mental illnesses in teenagers
  • Reasons to homestead rather than following the mainstream housing

Have a look at our list of topic ideas to find more fun cause and effect essay topics.

Which Topic is too Broad for a Cause and Effect Essay?

A broad topic is one that is very general and includes a lot of information. Similarly, the topic with many causes or effects is considered too broad for a cause and effect essay.

It is because such themes have various factors that contribute to one result. Nevertheless, it is not possible to discuss them in an ordinary 500 words essay. As you will not be able to fit all the information in.

For Example:

What Causes Water Pollution In Third World Countries?


In this example, the writer is required to discuss water pollution in third world countries. For this, various causes need to be analyzed, including unsafe water sources, lack of sanitation facilities, and poor hygiene.

As discussed earlier, themes with many causes that contribute to a single effect are said to be broad ones. Similarly, this example illustrates the different causes that lead to one major result, which is ‘water pollution.’ Thus, it is better to avoid such broad topics while writing a cause and effect essay.

(back to top)

Hire a Professional Essay Writer

This complete guide and tested tips will surely help you learn how to write a cause and effect essay step by step. Moreover, it will also refine your skills to get a better grade.

From choosing a topic to writing the conclusion, a cause and effect essay is an art that all students should be familiar with. Moreover, this kind of paper is an integral part of academic writing. It is because all school and college students come across it multiple times.

In case you are still struggling with your essay, then MyPerfectWords.com is your ‘PERFECT’ companion. Hire a professional essay writer to get legit essay writing services at affordable rates.

We also provide you with free essay samples, a topic for cause and effect essay, and direct interaction with the assigned author. It will help you track your work progress.

Thus, get in touch with us today and place your order to receive a well-written essay at affordable rates.

Was this helpful?

How can we improve it?
Cause and Effect Essay - A Detailed Writing Guide

Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Cause and Effect Essay Outline

Exclusive access to the MyPerfectWords.com Learning Center. You'll get weekly tips and tricks for improving your own writing and for achieving academic success through your writing.

about us

MyPerfectWords.com is the #1 Ranked Online home for great academic writing, essays, research papers, and graduate theses.

Why us?
  • 100+ subject matter experts.
  • 100% original writing (zero plagiarism, ever).
  • Short deadline service.
  • Love our work or don't pay (satisfaction guaranteed).


Paper Due? Why Suffer?
That's our Job

Just for you to know...

Your first essay with us is FREE!