Home Blog Critical Essay - A Step by Step Guide & Examples

Critical Essay - A Step by Step Guide & Examples

Critical Essay - A Step by Step Guide & Examples

A detailed analysis of a piece of writing requires good analyzing skills that most students lack. Especially when writing a critical essay, critical reading, and analysis of a piece of literature is important to present the arguments.

It is important to understand that writing a critical essay is a type of analytical essay but not exactly the same. An analytical essay writing solely depends on analysis while a critical essay interprets the literary terms as well.

Writing a good critical essay requires strong analysis, a clear outline, and an exceptional stance over the subject. Below is a complete guide to writing a great critical analysis essay.

Continue reading the article to earn a good grade in academics.

Critical Essay Definition

A critical is a form of analytical essay that analyzes, evaluates, and interprets a piece of literature, movie, book, play, etc. The writer signifies the meaning of the text by making a claim about the themes. The claims are then supported by facts using primary and secondary sources of information. 

People often confuse this type of essay with an argumentative essay. This is because they both deal with claims and provide evidence on the subject matter. An argumentative essay uses evidence to persuade the reader. On the other hand, a critical analysis essay discusses the themes, analyzes, and interprets them for its audience. 

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Critical Essay Outline

The formation of a critical essay is based on how well you have drafted an outline. This essay uses the traditional essay outline of 5 paragraphs to be drafted. Although it may have some additional elements that make it different from the other types.

An outline is given to structure the essay and make the content readable for the audience. The organization of raw information into outline parts help make your point clear and understandable. 

The critical essay outline has the following elements:

  • Introduction: This is the first part of your critical essay where the topic is introduced.
  • Body paragraphs: It is the main body where all the claims are justified.
  • Conclusion: In this section, the whole discussion is concluded.

Critical Essay Format (PDF)

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How to Write a Critical Essay?

A critical essay requires a student to use extremely professional analyzing and evaluating skills. Not every student possesses the same talent and skills to come up with strong content for their assignments. 

This is the reason why students look for an online essay writing service to guide them to write their academic assignments effectively. If you are facing challenges in drafting your critical essay, take help by placing an order at MyPerfectWords.com.

Following is the step by step writing process of a critical essay that will be helpful for every student. 

  1. Examine the subject in detail
  2. Conduct research
  3. Develop your thesis statement
  4. Decide on the supporting material
  5. Include an opposing argument
  6. Critical essay introduction
  7. Critical essay body paragraphs
  8. Critical essay conclusion
  9. Proofread and editing

Continue reading to understand the steps in detail. 

Examine the Subject in Detail

Examining and understanding the main subject of the work is the first step in drafting a critical essay. Read the original text and identify the following things:

  • Main themes of the work
  • Different features of the text
  • Observe the style used to persuade the audience. 
  • Strengths and weaknesses of the text

Conduct Research

Information gathered while examining the work needs supporting material to be proved right. Conduct research by consulting credible sources for your essay. Express your personal opinion and thoughts on the piece and take frequent notes. 

Develop Your Thesis Statement

A thesis statement is an arguable stance or claim of the writer about a subject. Form a strong thesis statement to make your critical essay impactful. All of the content in the body section will be supporting and proving this argument. 

Decide on the Supporting Material

While reading the text, you might come across a lot of evidence that can prove your point. Choose the best that strongly supports your opinion and thesis statement. Answering the following question can help you decide on what information to use in the content:

  • Which information best recognizes the authorities on the subject?
  • Which information has the support of other authors for supporting the same idea?
  • Which information best defines the thesis statement?

Include an Opposing Argument

Gather an opposing argument that contradicts your thesis statement. This is to give a detailed account of the subject to the readers. In addition to this, it addresses the writer's complete understanding and knowledge. 

Critical Essay Introduction

Start writing your essay by giving an introduction to a critical essay. An introduction is started by providing a hook statement. This is a catchy sentence that is used in the opening of an introduction. Use a relevant quote or phrase from the text to use it as a hook for an introduction.

Put forward the subject you will be discussing in the essay introduction by precisely addressing it to the audience. Without giving the details, provide background information about the topic and your main claim on it. 

The claim will be the thesis statement that will be presented at the end of your introductory paragraph. 

Critical Essay Body Paragraphs

The body of a critical essay aligns all the arguments along with the evidence to support the thesis statement. All the paragraphs start with a topic sentence and discuss one idea.

When writing this part, use transitional words and phrases to direct the readers from one idea to another. Make sure that all arguments and evidence presented in those paragraphs are in line with the thesis statement.

The writing process and body of a critical essay has two parts; the analysis and evaluation.


When discussing and writing critically, the analysis part is essential. There should be an objective analysis of data, facts, theory, and the approaches used to study the work. You should always use works from the same genre to discuss in the body paragraphs of the critical essay.


Evaluate the work in the light of the claims and evidence that you have gathered in the first steps. The explanation in the body paragraphs creates a logical consistency and method.

Critical Essay Conclusion

The conclusion of a critical essay summarizes all the main points and proves the validity of the thesis statement. It comprises all the points discussed in the essay, a personal viewpoint, and objective analysis of the essay.

Proofread and Editing

Make sure to find time to revise your essay. Proofread the entire document for any spelling, grammatical, structural, and contextual errors. Fix all mistakes you encounter before submitting this academic writing. 

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Critical Essay Topics

Deciding on a perfect topic for your critical essay is challenging. In order to help our students, below are listed some good critical essay topics suggested by experts:

  • Racism in Brazil
  • Homelessness
  • Impact of technology on youth today
  • Analyze the factors that lead to juvenile delinquency
  • Evaluate how elite and crimes are related.
  • Analyze the wonders of the world
  • British Royal Empire
  • The statue of liberty
  • Foreign exchange in India
  • Solar energy

A topic of the essay is the first thing that a reader witnesses when going through your essay. The topic should be interesting and engaging in order to motivate readers to read your essay. 

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Tips For Writing a Critical Essay

Students always look for guidelines to make their essays remarkable. Apart from following the writing process, following the tips can make your essay exceptional as well. Experts writer’s of MyPerfectWords.com have gathered some easy tips for you to draft your critical essay.

  • Analyze the subject or the text in detail.
  • Find a strong counter-argument
  • Do not just summarize the main text. Analyze and evaluate it by providing your opinion
  • Find only credible sources when gathering information for your essay.
  • Make sure that your evidence strongly supports your claim.
  • Use an objective approach to analyze and interpret the text.
  • Form logical reasoning by providing relevant details. 
  • A critical essay is not just written to oppose the original text. So, avoid overdoing the critique element. 
  • The conclusion of the essay should not exceed the length of the introduction.
  • Revise your essay at least thrice to make it perfect. 

If these tips are helpful, let the writers know at MyPerfectWords.com. You can also take assistance from them in writing your critical essays and papers. 

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Critical Essay Examples

It is mandatory to first go through the critical essay examples in detail before you start drafting your essay. The examples help you understand the critical essay structure well. 

The below provided examples will give you an idea of how a perfect critical essay should look like.

Critical Essay on Joseph Conrad's Heart Of Darkness (PDF)

Critical Essay On Tess Of The d'Urbervilles (PDF)

Critical Analysis Essay Examples (PDF)

When writing essays for academics it is essential to draft them as perfectly as possible. This is because academic grades depend on these assignments. 

This article is written to help and guide the students about the critical essays and their formation. If you want to achieve better scores take assistance from this guide or from the expert writers online.

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Critical Essay - A Step by Step Guide & Examples

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