Home Blog Ultimate Guide to Essay Writing Learn How To Write A Perfect Essay Outline

Learn How To Write A Perfect Essay Outline

Learn How To Write A Perfect Essay Outline

For writing a perfect essay, an outline is a must. There are times students get de-tracked while composing essays. Effective essay writing needs organized ideas that can lead to a well-structured and impressive piece of writing.

The purpose is to draft ideas on paper and create an essay outline to give your essay a perspective. So that the reader can easily comprehend the main idea of the essay.

You cannot come up with a well-structured essay without an outline. For an A+ grade paper, you need to create an outline and organize all your ideas first.

Here is a complete guide for you to:

  • Understand what is an essay outline?
  • Learn how to write an essay outline?
  • Get different sample templates for your own use

Refer to the following guide and create an awesome essay outline before writing.

The Definition of An Essay Outline

An essay outline is a short plan of your essay or any kind of other research paper. Here you list down all the ideas that you need to cover in your essay. Structuring all the ideas and arguments from the start will make sure you cover all the things while writing.

You can write an essay without an outline. But it will be very challenging for you to come across all your ideas effectively. Chances are you might miss any important information, or your paper does not follow the smooth flow of information.

Resulting in difficulty for the reader to comprehend the main idea of the essay. So, it is always advisable to create an outline for writing a good essay.

The following are the benefits of creating an essay outline:

  • It will organize your ideas.
  • It will help you understand the information flow.
  • It will help you structure your information in an appropriate way.
  • It will help you not to miss any important information while writing.
  • It will help you know where to find that piece of information you might need when presenting your ideas.
  • An outline will let you finish your work faster.

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How To Write An Essay Outline?

Below are the steps for writing an essay outline to organize all the ideas first.

  1. Pick A Topic
  2. Research
  3. Audience
  4. Determine The Type of Essay
  5. Group Your Ideas
  6. Develop A Broader Spectrum For Your Idea

Refer to the following section to find a detailed description of each step in writing an essay outline.

Pick A Topic

Before you formally start writing on your topic. On a piece of paper, write ideas that you want to write your essay on. And then pick a most interesting topic to base your essay upon.


The topic of your essay defines the type of research, primary or secondary, that you will be using. The research identifies the gaps and the differences in which one develops their essay outline. Similar to a research paper, performing in-depth research is part of the writing process.


The intended audience for the essay shall be kept in mind while you write an outline. For instance, you may use slang and informal language while drafting an outline for blogs, newspapers and articles. A high level of subjective language is required for an academic audience.

Determine The Type of Essay

Different types of essays have different language and structures for their types. The narrative essay outline may differ from that of a comparative essay.

Therefore it is important to determine the type of high school or college essay before constructing an outline for it.

Group Your Ideas

You will compile your ideas, reflect upon the important ideas. And dismiss the irrelevant details right where the structure of the subject lies.

The outline of the essay forms and groups ideas in different paragraphs. These paragraphs determine how many ideas will be discussed in an essay.

Develop A Broader Spectrum For Your Idea

The central idea is supported by the details that are specific to the theme. They are all associated with one another. It is important that you develop two to three main ideas and then associate details with them accordingly.

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Key Elements of An Essay Outline

The most common essay format is the 5 paragraph essay outline. It will include the following elements:

  1. Introduction
  2. Body Paragraphs
  3. Conclusion

Here is the detailed description of writing each element of an essay outline.


The introduction is the first paragraph of an essay. It provides background information for the essay. It also contains a thesis statement which defines the basic argument and the approach towards your essay.

Body Paragraphs

This section contains a minimum of three paragraphs and each paragraph starts with a topic sentence that relates to your thesis.

Moving from one paragraph to another is difficult. Therefore, it is essential that transitional words and phrases are used to improve the quality of the essay.

Essay Conclusion

In this part of the writing process, restate your thesis statement and summarize the essay for the reader. For writing a conclusion, discuss the significance of solutions or bring other aspects that can relate to the thesis.

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Standard Essay Outline Structure

The general essay outline structure uses the linear style. All the points are numbered in order of their importance from major to minor role to play. In order to rank, assign numbers to your ideas.

For most of the papers, it is always advisable to choose an alphanumeric outline. In an alphanumeric structure, major sections are shown in roman numbers, then comes the capital letters, numbers, and lowercase letters.

Here’s a general essay template for all essays that you can refer to structure your main ideas.


  • Topic- Define
  • Background

Thesis statement

  • Define the approach towards the topic

Body Paragraph 1

  • Define Idea-1
  • Supporting evidence
  • Relevance to the main topic

Body Paragraph 2

  • Define Idea-2
  • Supporting evidence
  • Relevance to the main topic

Body Paragraph 3

  • Define Idea-3
  • Supporting evidence
  • Relevance to the main topic


  • Reaffirming the thesis
  • Concluding statement

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Essay Outline Sample Templates

Different templates can help you get a better idea of essay outlining. An outline is a great way to organize thoughts and decide on the order on which you will present your ideas. So, it is better to create sections and fill them with appropriate information depending on your essay type.

Here are some essay outline sample templates to get a general idea for writing your outlines.

Informative Essay Outline

An informative essay writing is all about conveying information or educating readers on a particular topic.

Below you can find an informative essay outline template to brainstorm your own ideas.

Informative Essay Outline (PDF)

Narrative Essay Outline

A narrative essay is a type of paper in which you tell a story from your own perspective or personal experience. It provides specific details to get the readers involved in your story and understand your viewpoint.

Below is the narrative essay outline pdf that you can refer for better understanding.

Narrative Essay Outline (PDF)

Argumentative Essay Outline

An argumentative essay is quite similar to a comparative essay in terms of developing arguments to support the claim. In this type of essay writing, you should provide solid arguments on both sides of the issue. To achieve that, follow an argumentative essay outline to compose a great argumentative paper and score high grades.

The following is the argumentative essay outline template for your help.

Argumentative Essay Outline (PDF)

Persuasive Essay Outline

In a persuasive essay , the author uses logic and solid arguments to convince the readers to a particular point of view.

To create an outline for a persuasive essay, consider the following template.

Persuasive Essay Outline (PDF)

Analytical Essay Outline

An analytical essay is usually written to analyze a text. It concentrates on how something is done. Writing an analytical essay involves breaking down the concept into parts to understand its meaning and what message it conveys.

Below is what the outline for an analytical essay should look like.

Analytical Essay Outline (PDF)

Descriptive Essay Outline

Descriptive essay is a type of paper in which the writer describes an object, person, process, or event. The main goal of writing a descriptive essay is to create a vivid picture in the reader’s mind.

For a perfect descriptive essay, remember that a well-structured outline is all you need. In this way, you can organize your thoughts and ideas to make the flow of information better.

The following is a perfect descriptive essay outline that you can follow for a well structured descriptive paper.

Descriptive Essay Outline (PDF)

Compare And Contrast Essay Outline

A compare and contrast essay highlights the way in which two things are different and similar to each other. Writing a compare and contrast essay is a difficult task as it involves your critical thinking to come up with an interesting analysis.

Below you can find the outline for writing a perfect compare and contrast essay.

Compare And Contrast Essay Outline (PDF)

Synthesis Essay Outline

A synthesis essay involves taking a unique viewpoint of a central idea and backing it up with different sources. Synthesis essay writing requires you to examine a variety of sources and identify their relationship to your thesis.

Need to submit a synthesis essay soon? Here is a synthesis essay outline template to specify all the main points first.

Synthesis Essay Outline (PDF)

Get Help To Make A Detailed Outline For Your Essay!

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