Many students find essay writing a dreadful and tedious task. No matter what type of essay you are dealing with, as a writer, you need to discuss the main topic and present your stance on it. And this is where many students are stuck and lost.
If you are one of those people who are scared that they might not be able to come up with well-researched and detailed essay then don’t worry. We are here and we’ll help you compose different essays with the help of some useful tips. With these tips, you can organize and compose brilliant essays and earn grades that you will be proud of.
Essay writing is a part of academic activities and is, generally, a shorter piece of writing.It is often considered synonymous to writing an article or a paper. Essays can be formal and informal, argumentative, persuasive, critical and narrative. It delivers the writer’s take on the topic and teachers use them to teach and monitor the students’ writing skills.
Every type of essay is different in nature and is written with different techniques. To be successful in the task, your first step will be to identify the type of essay that you are assigned and specific tactics involved while composing it.
Are you looking to understand different types of essays? Confused about what makes each of them different from each other and how to identify them correctly?
Don’t worry we’ll help you identify and distinguish these four types of essays. The distinction between the essays lies in the intention of the essay writer. Since every type is different, each of them aims to achieve different goals and this is what, as a writer, you should understand and remember while working on your essay writing project.
The four major types of essays include:
Narrative essays refer to the narration of a study or experience by the writer; it is usually written in first person and expounds on the main topic with detail. The main aim of writing narrative essays is to indulge the reader into the personal experience of the writer . The central idea is to create an essay that is clear, details and explains the main topic; an event, a story, an incident, to the reader. Your aim is to explain it with such detail that the reader feels as if he was there with you and looking at everything with your perspective.
The ultimate goal of the narrative essay writing is to create an association between your experience and viewpoint and the reader.
As the name suggests, a descriptive essay ‘describes’ the main topic in detail and with the aim of letting the reader relate to your experience. The topic, or the object in discussion, could be anything from a place or a person. Descriptive essays are known for the in-depth details, information and discussion regarding the subject in question.
The essay does not only serve the purpose of describing the subject matter. It describes the topic, or matter under scrutiny, from different angles and perspectives. In case of a book, or a written work, the writer describes it in terms of setting, plot, characters and everything that is vital to its formation. The descriptive essay must evoke the senses and emotions of the reader. In simple terms, the reader should see what you saw and feel what you felt. Mutual feelings and associations between the writer and the reader are essential to the descriptive essay writing.
Writer must paint a clear picture of the subject for a clear understanding of the reader. The descriptive essays are well written only when the writer is able to touch the reader’s all five senses through his words.
Though it may seem somewhat like a descriptive essay but, an argumentative essay is different from it and , probably, its more difficult relative. The goal is to examine the information available regarding a subject and develop an argument based on it. However, it is necessary for the writer to support his claims and stick to one side.
The argumentative essay provides both sides of a particular issue, or strongly establishes one approach towards the subject matter. This entirely depends upon the writer and what he wants to highlight and discuss regarding the subject.
In these essays, the writer develops an argument and defend his side with solid proofs and reasoning. He presents the claims in a comprehensive and well-detailed manner to make his point clear and justify his stance.The aim of an argumentative essay is to show assertions i.e. theory, hypothesis, views and opinions about the chosen phenomena, issue or subject. This type of essay leaves the reader with solid rationale to oppose or defend the respective topic.
An expository essay is about facts, and facts only. Unlike the other types of essays, where the writer has the freedom of adding his own opinion and analysis, expository essay involves facts only. This makes writing this type of essay simple, but, at times, it could be challenging as well. It involves adding facts, statistics and the basic information of the subject along with its definition.
Staying closely knitted and focused on the topic only is in itself a difficult task. In the process of writing, it is quite natural that the writer gets carried away with adding the details and cross the line. Therefore, it is important that you make a focused outline and stick to it throughout the process.
An expository essay incorporates a wide array of essays such as
The expository essays are solely based on the information available and do not involve personal views, opinions and feelings. Therefore, the writer does not write in first person context.
Extensive knowledge about the subject is an essential element for expository essays.
Writing an essay is a creative process in itself. It has no particular format, however, generally, writing experts suggest that the writer may follow a particular structure. It is easy for the reader to understand the essay and its essence when it is presented in a meaningful manner and without any ambiguities.
The basic structure for an essay is common in all essay types, with some exceptions if the instructor has some special instructions.
The basic structure of an essay is as follows:
The topic of an essay is central to its existence. It reflects what the essay is going to be about.
A topic can be an attractive word or statement defining the main idea and purpose for the essay.
The introduction is the first paragraph of an essay. It requires substantial information to form a strong introduction : provide the background, approach and define the purpose for the essay.
It is a five to six line paragraph that requires the writer to incorporate details that hook the reader to the rest of the essay.
The thesis statement is usually found at the end of the introductory paragraph. It outlines the purpose and main idea of the essay.
The body is the central element of the essay, carrying all the weight. The body of an essay analyzes and illuminates the main arguments, information and claims by the writer. The most weight of the essay and content lies here.
The body of the essay is not confined to only the three paragraph model, it can extend itself as much as the content requires.
A conclusion is the last paragraph of an essay. A conclusion sums up the introductory paragraph; it summarizes, concludes and mirrors it. The conclusion of an essay reaffirms the thesis statement.
Conclusion is a necessary element in structuring an essay so that everything is summed up properly and no threads are left hanging.
Essays are not only limited to these four types only. There are other types of essays, such as academic essays.
The students write and compose essays throughout their academic experience. We have listed some of these essays here;
Students are required to write admission essays when applying to colleges or universities. They are judged on their capabilities, academic achievements, writing skills and their future aspirations. This is a popular type of narrative essay writing.
Scholarship essays are composed to gain financial assistance from the academic institutions. The ideal type of a scholarship essay reflects upon the student’s academic and non-academic capabilities in terms of achievements. Some institutions only count academic achievements while there are many that analyze a student on overall basis: curricular and extra- curricular accomplishments and academic credibility.
The principal purpose of this type of essay is to persuade and impress the college or university in a way that they grant the scholarship.
An informative essay reflects on the topic with extensive and in-depth description and analyzes the subject from different aspects.
A process analysis essay is a type of expository essay. This essay addresses questions like “how-to “and discusses the process and ideas, step by step.
You can find different types of essays and examples below, to help you compose brilliant essays every time.
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