Writing A Research Paper - Step by Step Guide
Got assigned a research paper?
Confused about how to get it started?
Not sure about the parts of a research paper?
Do not worry, as we have got the complete style guide to help you learn the basics.
Table of Contents
- 1. How to Write a Research Paper?
- 2. Research Paper Format
- 3. What is an Abstract in a Research Paper?
- 4. Research Paper Introduction
- 5. Body of the Research Paper
- 6. How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper?
- 7. References
Here are the required steps and resources that you will need to write a perfect research paper. This guide will help you walk through with all the important information for an impactful research paper and get a good grade that you wish for.
1. How to Write a Research Paper
Research paper writing is one of the most important parts of academics, which most students dread.
However, there is nothing so difficult which cannot be learned. So here is your opportunity to learn how to write a research paper.
The most important thing about research paper writing is that it intends to provide insights about the understanding and depth of the knowledge of the student regarding some specific subject or topic.
It also provides the opportunity to the students to explore the topic and knowledge in a scientific manner. It is specifically based on logic flow of argumentation or narration of the subject matter .
Still confused about how to get your research paper done?
Here are some easy and impactful tips which will surely get you started towards the process of writing a captivating research paper.
2. Research Paper Format
Generally, the research papers include the introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion of the paper. However, some of the instructors' also require the abstract which comes at the very start of the paper.
Even if it is not required, you can include it in your paper to leave a good impression of your paper.
Following are some of the most important parts of the research paper. These points should never be forgotten, but adjusted according to the requirements or instructions
- Title Page
- Body Paragraphs
- Literature Review
- Limitations and Ethical Issues
Start writing your paper from introduction and explain the body paragraphs in detail. However, do not forget to limit your explanation according to the length of the paper.
Keep a strict check and organize your paper. It should not include illogical or incomplete sentences.
3. What is an Abstract in a Research Paper
One of the most concerned questions of the students is what is an abstract in a research paper. If you are also concerned or curious about it, relax.
It is not difficult at all, as most of the students consider it the easiest part of the whole research paper. You can learn how to write an abstract in detail in the next section.
For now, keep in mind that the abstract should not be more than 200 words or less than 150 words. It roughly makes almost half of a page. Keep a strict check on word choice.
Abstract of the research paper is actually summary sentences of each section of your research paper.
It means that you have to explain the introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion of your paper, in brief topic sentences.
4. Research Paper Introduction
An introduction is the face of any piece of writing. You need to beware that there are chances of your paper being rejected if you fail to impress your instructor with your understanding and knowledge of the topic.
Explore the writing lab to gather knowledge about your topic.
Before finally moving towards writing your research paper introduction, explore some of the important points of your paper in this section.
The first important point is that you need to write your introduction in a captivating and clear manner. Be sure to provide a little background of the issue, however, also ensure not dragging the background too much.
Secondly, you can mention some statistics or evidence from the previous research. This should point to the seriousness, or importance of the topic you are going to discuss.
Lastly, ensure the fact that you have included the perfectly composed thesis statement as the last line of your introduction section.
You can also include your thesis statement as the first sentence of your paper, only if your instructor demands so.
The introduction should be written in a way that the reader should know what the paper is all about and why it is worth reading.
4.1 Thesis Statement Examples for Research Papers
Struggling on how to write a thesis statement of your paper? Do not worry, you just have to follow the thesis statement examples for research papers, which are attached below.
5. Body of the Research Paper
After writing the introduction, the next step towards writing an attention-grabbing research paper is to develop the body paragraphs. These should be according to the initially composed paragraphs.
The one thing that most writers struggle with is how to organize the information in different sections of a research paper. Which is one reason why it is important to learn how to outline a research paper.
The body paragraphs of the research paper can differ according to the nature of the subject or topic.
While writing a research paper about the subjects of nursing and health care, you can adopt a simpler format of writing. Include literature review, methodology, results and discussion sections after writing the introduction.
Make sure to start each body paragraph with a topic sentence after that provide arguments and relevant evidence to support the main idea of the paper.
However, in case of writing a research paper about literature or some ethical issue, construct and organize your research paper in the direction of introduction leading to discussion and conclusion.
5.1 Literature Review
So, after the introduction, the next part of the research paper is the literature review.
You need to discuss the literature that has already been written about the research problem.
Try to locate the scholarly or peer reviewed research articles, written about the same issue you have picked for your research paper.
Study it thoroughly and highlight the similarities between the research article and your study.
Don't forget that you have to discuss the past, as well as present state of the matter. and what is the expected future of the issue in the literature review section of your research paper.
In addition to it, provide a detailed insight into the previously conducted research in the field.
The next section of the research paper is methodology.
In the methodology section, students have to include the following points:
- Problem location
- Population of the research study
- Demography of the population
- Research technique (qualitative or quantitative)
- Tools of data collection
- Techniques of data collection
- Tools of data analysis
- Techniques of data analysis
- Expected findings
The next section of the research paper is the explanation of the results.
You have to explain the whole procedure of how the results of the research study were extracted. Pay special attention to each and every part.
You cannot add any other thing in results section like what you expected. However, you can do that in the next one.
Your sole concentration should be on describing what actually came out of your research.
The next part of the research paper is the discussion of the results of the research study.
Explain in detail how the results are in accordance or difference with the expected outcome, as well as the significance of your findings.
Students can also comment on the results of the research study by comparing them with other present or previous research studies in the field and discuss the current state of the issue.
The students of scientific fields can follow the above described format of literature review, methodology, results and discussion.
Other students of literature and general level subjects can simply continue on the following format of discussion after the introduction section.
5.5 Limitations or Ethical Issues
After the discussion section, you can include the section of limitations or ethical issues in your research paper.
Limitations of the research study include problems related to the physical issues like travelling miles to reach the respondents or the impact of weather on the research.
On the other hand, problems due to permission of respondents or their inability to support the research regarding some specific argument or point are considered ethical issues.
Describing the limitations or ethical issues of the study in the research paper is quite important. , It will help the people, conducting research about the same issue in future, have some plan in mind to challenge the problems. They will be able to deal with them in an effective manner to make the research more reliable.
6. How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper
The conclusion is one of the most important parts of your research paper, so be careful to not make any mistakes.
Do not forget that you cannot share a new piece of information in the conclusion section.
If you are confused about how to write a conclusion for a research paper, you do not need to worry. You can only include the synthesis of your paper and the concluding sentence in this section.
You should never forget restating the thesis statement in the conclusion section of the research paper.
In addition to it, you can include three to four sentences about recommendations and suggestions regarding the issue in the conclusion section. However, take care that it should be according to the instructions and the given length of the research paper.
You can also include some statement to motivate your academic and professional readers to take action and change the situation. Motivate them to work towards bringing some improvement in society if you are writing about the problematic condition of society.
The last step of the attention-grabbing research paper is, including a works cited list.
In case of research papers, be more careful about mentioning reliable and logical references in the correct writing style.
Be careful to cite all the research works which you consulted for your research paper. It is essential to avoid the issue of taking credit for someone else's work.
After reading this blog, I hope you will be able to work on your research paper without any difficulty. Still if you struggle to write your research paper, you can explore research paper examples here to learn more.
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