Synthesis Essay - Writing Guide With Examples
A synthesis essay is a type of essay where you compose or combine several elements or parts to form a whole. In high school and college, it is one of the most common types of essay assignments.
The synthesis essay requires you to do a profound research and collect data from one or more sources and then combine them together. For writing a good essay you need to learn how to organize and combine data collected from different sources.
This lesson will guide you to write an advanced type of synthesis essay, along with some amazing topics and examples. After reading this guide you’ll be able to choose an effective topic, assert a strong claim, collect and combine data, and then create a well written and original essay.
Give this complete synthesis essay writing guide a quick read.
What is a Synthesis Essay?
The synthesis essay chooses a viewpoint and presents a claim and its supporting evidence to prove it. For these types of essays, you need to collect ideas and points that support your essay topic and your argument.
It draws upon sources like articles, essays, reviews, fiction, lectures, interviews, research papers, and observations. The students utilize them to collect supporting claims for their research topic.
According to synthesis essay definition,
“It is an essay that takes a stance on a particular topic and then backs it up by combining the data collected from multiple sources. It is a combination and fusion of different sources that have a common point of view and shaping a common claim through it.”
The essay writing process is consist of four major components
- Combining data from different sources
- Presenting a claim
- Crafting the essay
- Talking with the text
Types of Synthesis Essay
There are two types of a synthesis essay:
- Explanatory synthesis
- Argument synthesis
The Explanatory Synthesis
An explanatory synthesis explains a term so that the reader can understand it easily. An explanatory or background synthesis helps the readers understand a specific topic. It includes careful reading and presentation of the facts and information.
Explanatory Synthesis Essay Sample
The Argumentative Synthesis
Just as the explanatory essay focuses on presenting and explaining a topic from an impartial viewpoint. Argumentative essays support a specific argument or claim and present it in a rational manner. The argumentative synthesis paper presents a strong thesis statement that is arguable and debatable as well.
To support the claim, the writer adds relevant information, data, and sources to back its topic and present it in a logical flow.
Argumentative Synthesis Essay Sample
What is an AP Lang Synthesis Essay?
An AP Lang, Advanced Placement Language, is a college-level rhetoric and writing curriculum course. The purpose of assigning such essays is to test and analyze the students’ ability to write, language, and understanding capabilities.
For writing this essay, students are given multiple sources to analyze. They are asked to form a claim or argument about the given topic and formulate an effective essay on it.
AP Lang Synthesis Essay Sample
Synthesis Essay Topics
Some prominent topic ideas for your essay are:
- Social Media and its Impact on Next Generation
- Millennials are more interested in gaining experience than stability. Agreed?
- Plastic and its Role in Increasing Global Carbon Footprint
- Global Warming and its Impact on Floods
- Climate change is a global phenomenon.
- What role does the death penalty play in reviving or destroying the law and order?
- Sugary drinks and fast food is the topmost reason for obesity in children.
- Having a higher education is better than being a college dropout.
- Perfume and Body Sprays are Key Players in Increasing Global Warming
- Video games are increasing violent behavior in children.
Finding great and impactful synthesis essay topics may be difficult but a little hard work and a good brainstorming session will definitely do the trick.
Synthesis Essay Standards
Here are some essential standards for synthesis essay:
- Use your sources to support your claims and point of view reasonably.
- Present original thoughts and ideas and prove the claims with substantial evidence is necessary.
- The paper should be logically and seamlessly organized. All the ideas must form a rapport in a way that guides the reader.
- All body paragraphs should have topic sentences that are the main points. Once the ideas are compiled, the paper should present the main ideas thoroughly.
- The paper should have an easy and precise word and the use of vocabulary should be careful and natural.
- Proofreading is key to a great synthesis essay. The paper should be crisp and clean from any grammar and spelling errors.
Synthesis Essay Outline
The synthesis essay outline generally consists of the following components.
Synthesis Essay Introduction
Start your essay with an interesting and engaging opening. The start is the most important part of your essay. If you do not want your readers to leave your essay in the middle, make sure that the opening is strong. Explain and elaborate on the main topic and present the thesis statement.
Synthesis Essay Body Paragraphs
You can add as many supporting points as you want, but make sure that each paragraph starts with an argument, or claim, backed with specific evidence. The paragraphs should follow your ideas and claims, rather than moving around the source materials.
Synthesis Essay Conclusion
Just like a strong opening, a strong and memorable closing is important to conclude your essay. Instead of just adding anything vaguely and without any connection, it is better to add the statement of your essay and your reasons for supporting them.
How to Write a Synthesis Essay?
Since it is a specialized form of writing, there are few techniques through which you could avoid the common errors and mistakes.
Compile the Data
Probably the simplest techniques of all, it involves compiling and explaining your most relevant sources and summarizing them. It does not include any of your original thoughts or views and is solely based on summarizing the sources.
Examples and Visuals
Claims and viewpoints are best explained through visuals. You can add quotes or examples from other sources as well as your own original experiences. Visuals like graphs, charts and real-life events photos, can be added to create a lasting impact
Presenting Two or More Supporting Reasons
In this technique, you put your claim forward and support your thesis by giving relevant reasons. You prove why the statement is true by presenting multiple reasons and evidence.
Straw man Technique
Ever saw someone putting the opposing views in their discussion? This is called the straw man technique. You put the opposing views or evidence first and then present the reasons why you do not support that claim. It shows your knowledge of the other side of the story and the reasons you are refuting it.
The concession technique accepts the valid point of opposition but argues and proves that your point of view has more positive points than the other. The technique is particularly helpful when the audience is of opposing views.
Comparison and Contrast Technique
Comparing and contrasting both views simultaneously, and analyzing the similarities and differences between the two. By this technique, you could study the topic as a whole, which may not be possible when working through other techniques.
How to Write a Synthesis Essay for AP Lang?
Writing a synthesis essay is an essential part of the AP Lang exam and students have to showcase their skills through it. Following steps are involved in writing an AP Lang synthesis essay:
- Reading the sources closely
- Analyzing the text thoroughly
- Establishing a point of view based on it
- Concluding the entire essay
- Use APA or Chicago style to cite your sources
Synthesis Essay Examples
Here we have provided some amazing synthesis essay examples to help you know the synthesis essay format.
Synthesis Essay Example for Student
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